BRIEF HISTORY OF ELECTIONS IN SUDAN
|The first Parliamentary elections: 1953|
Sudanese voted in the first parliamentary elections in the
country in 1953, some three years before Sudan got its independence
from British rule.
The process passed off with virtually no incident, with voters expressing satisfaction and no serious objections were raised except with the results for one constituency where complaint was logged with the Elections Commission over irregularities at a center in the constituency.
However, an investigation carried into the allegations proved they were baseless.
|The second parliamentary elections: 1958|
|Sudan’s 1956 constitution stipulated that state institutions
established after the 1953 elections such as the parliament, council of
ministers, judiciary, civil service committee and auditor general
continue to function until the election of a constituent assembly.
This was scheduled for August 1957, according to Article 56 of the 1956
But the ruling council at the time used its powers and postponed the vote to February 1958, saying heavy rains and floods would obstruct the process if elections were to be held in August 1956. The elections resulted in a victory for the Umma Party, which won 63 seats.
The People’s Democratic Party got 26 seats, the National Unionist Party 44 and the Southern Free Party 40. The outcome of the elections marked the beginning of the formation of coalition governments in the Sudan, as none of the six parties that contested won enough votes to form a government on its own.
|Third parliamentary elections: 1965|
Six political parties contested in the third parliamentary elections held in 1965 and these were:• The National Unionist Party - 73 seats.
• The Umma Party - 92 seats.
• The Islamic Charter Front - 5 seats.
• The Sudanese Communist Party - 11 seats.
• The Beja Congress – 10 seats.
|The fourth parliamentary elections: 1968|
Some 22 political parties and regional or tribal blocs
participated in these elections, the most important being:
The two wings of the Umma came second with a combined total of 72 seats.
|The fifth parliamentary elections: 1986|
The 1986 elections were held after the fall of Field Marshal
Jaffar Mohammed Numeiry, who seized power in a 1969 military coup and
ruled the country until he was ejected in a popular uprising in 1985.