The Sudanese Government and the Rebel Justice and Equity
Movement (JEM) on 23rd February, 2010 signed an agreement in Doha for
an end to their conflict in Darfur. Here is a summary of the text from
the framework accord that was first inked in the Chadian capital
The Sudanese Government and the JEM agreed on the following:
- To proclaim a ceasefire and launch immediate discussion to
reach an accord on its supervision.
- To release prisoners of war detained as a result of the
Darfur conflict, whether or not convicted, as soon as the agreement is
signed and a general amnesty for JEM civilian and military members.
- The participation of JEM at all levels of power (executive
and legislative) according to mechanism to be agreed upon later by the
- JEM to become a political party as soon as the final
agreement is sighed and the integration of JEM forces into the armed
forces, security and police.
- The Government of the Sudan will take charge of the
necessary spending to maintain JEM forces during the training period.
- All civilian and military members of JEM will be
- The Government of the Sudan will fairly compensate
refugees, the displaced and all victims of the Darfur conflict and
guarantee their voluntary return.
- The Administrative restructuring of Darfur will be
negotiated within the framework of the final peace accord.
- The sharing of resources, land and tribal herding rights as
well as any issue deemed necessary by the two parties to finalize the
clauses of the agreement.
- The implementation of the agreement will be based on
goodwill, partnership and political solidarity.
- The final agreement and additional protocols for its
implementation will be elaborated and signed before March 15, 2010.
This framework Agreement was signed as a kind of roadmap
towards peace in Darfur region. The agreement and the new peace round
of talk has been internationally hailed as a major breakthrough.